The Nazi occupation exerts widespread violence against the population also in Italy.
In Tuscany violence intensifies in summer 1944 when the Germans commit numerous massacres of civilians during their “aggressive retreat”.
On the contrary to other areas of the region, in the province of Florence slaughters of great proportions do not take place, but continuous cases of violence against individuals and small groups occur.
Letter from the parish priest of Cercina to Cardinal Dalla Costa, 19th July 1944 (Archivio storico diocesi di Firenze)
Excerpt from the liber chronicus of the Santo Stefano parish near Dicomano (Archivio storico diocesi di Firenze)
Report by the Carabinieri on the massacres in Villa Podernovo e Villa Lagacciolo near Pelago occurred on 25th August 1944, November 1944 (AUSSME)
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